How the Marcoses were able to make so many investments abroad is now becoming clear. There was an elaborate system of codes and false names, shell companies, and offshore corporations. For Imelda’s New York properties alone, for instance, there were two tiers of offshore corporations established in the Caribbean. The Swiss bank accounts, which were set up as early as 1968, a mere two years after Marcos took office, according to the Commission on Good Government, were in the names of “William Saunders” and “Jane Ryan.” If either of the Marcoses wanted to make withdrawals from these accounts, they sent a “happy Birthday” message to an agent in Zurich; this agent in turn contacted a Hong Kong agent, who then traveled to Manila.
–Inside the Palace (1987), Beth Day Romulo, p.253-254.
53. Marcos, Ferdinand (1917 – 1989)
Former president of the Republic of the Philippines, who systematically looted the Philippine Treasury during his 20-year reign—some would claim of up to $10 billion. In 2004, Transparency International ranked Marcos as the second most corrupt political official in recent history. Pavel Lazarenko, also on my Who’s Who in Fribourg list, was ranked as the eighth most corrupt by Transparency International (see no.50 above). Something seems to draw Kleptocrats and oligarchs to the little secluded town of Fribourg!
Many millions that Marcos skimmed from Japanese war reparations were channeled through a Swiss Bank Corp. account in Fribourg and used to purchase the Crown Building in Manhattan. “Corruption is endemic in Philippine society. The very low wages paid civil servants, for example, almost insures routine bribes as a way of making ends meet, for everything from ‘fixing’ a parking ticket to trying to get a judge to drop a case” (Inside the Palace, p. 255). Imelda and Ferdinand’s thievery, however, was beyond belief. When Marcos’s successor, Mrs. Cory Aquino (whose husband, Benigno, was allegedly assassinated by Marcos) visited Malacanang Palace, where the Marcoses had lived, she was disgusted by “the displays of ostentatious spending—the expensive rugs and chandeliers and crystal statuettes, the antique (some life-size) statues of saints, the rosewood tables and quarts of perfume, the rows of unused gowns, the stacks of shoes, the freezers full of US steaks, and the cabinets piled high with caviar” (Inside the Palace, p. 254).
Although Ferdinand Marcos died in 1989 (after fleeing to Hawaii in 1987), and his wife was acquitted of US charges of conspiracy and racketeering in 1990, hundreds of millions of dollars remained frozen in bank accounts in Zurich and Fribourg until June 1998 when the remaining $270 million in Swiss banks that belonged to Marcos was transferred to the Philippines. The money was put in an escrow account which already held $300 million previously transferred from Switzerland. In late 1998, after having denied for years that her husband had extensive holdings in the Philippines, Mrs. Marcos announced that she planned to file a suit to recover $12 billion worth of shares she claimed her husband had owned in Philippine companies. In 1999 several new secret Swiss accounts belonging to Marcos cronies were discovered.
“Imelda Marcos (Imelda, for short) was acquitted in New York. There was a failure of evidence, an illusion of innocence. The American prosecutor waited for the transmittal from Switzerland of documents that would have established Imelda’s direct participation in the illegal deposits in Swiss banks of money belonging to the Filipino people. The Swiss documents never came. Her defense that she had neither knowledge nor participation in the illegal dollar deposits in Swiss banks by her late husband, was consequently sustained. Somehow, she had hypnotized herself into believing her own lies. After all, she got the American judge and jurors to believe her.”
http://www.aic.gov.au/media_library/conferences/transnational/chaikin.pdf (see pages 9 and 25 in this link)
In recent years, the Marcoses have returned to power: Imelda is now a congresswoman, her daughter, Imee, is a governor of a Philippine province, and her son, Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos, Jr., is a vice-presidential candidate for the 2016 Philippine elections. The scandals, however, remain. Families of victims of the brutal period when Marcos declared martial law still clamor for justice, some of the Marcoses’ hidden art trove has been unearthed, and recently, daughter Imee has been revealed to be the beneficiary of a secret British Virgin Islands (BVI) trust which she illegally concealed when she was running for office. Investigators suspect that money in the trust might be part of the estimated 5-10 billion dollars that her father, Ferdinand, plundered from the Filipino people.
54. Maybud, Cyrus (1949 – )
Iranian-born lawyer, who married a woman from the St. Moritz area where he went to a fashionable boarding school (The Lyceum Alpinum in Zuoz). After graduation, Maybud settled down in the canton of Fribourg. http://www.nzz.ch/article9QDC7-1.281121 (SEE: “The Spirit of Zuoz” in this link).
Maybud’s family has close connections to the energy businesses of Nicolae Bogdan Buzaianu (no. 15 on my list) http://www.danbadea.net/2015/10/22/dna-confirma-ca-nicolae-bogdan-buzaianu-controleaza-si-protejeaza-din-umbra-grupul-dewww-firme-energy-holding-si-alpiq/
Maybud and his wife were on the board of the notorious waste management company Intercontract SA, which was at the center of an enormous international scandal in the late 1980’s involving the dumping of American and European toxic waste in poor African countries. The investigation of the activities of Gianfranco Ambrosini, the Italian owner of Intercontract SA, led to the establishment of the “Basel Treaty” which banned the disposal of toxic waste from developed to undeveloped countries. http://archive.ban.org/library/ierarticle.html
Gianfranco Ambrosini was called by the Spanish newspaper El PAIS: “one of the ‘capos’ of the waste dumping racket” (“Una de los capos de la mafia de los vertidos”).
In February 1987, he orchestrated a deal in which
“the ship ‘Lynx’ sailed from the port of Marina di Carrara [Italy] with a load of more than 2000 tons of industrial waste. Original destination was Djibouti. The shipment was organized by the Swissfirm ‘Intercontract SA’, and the Italian waste management firm ‘Jelly Wax’. Italian environmentalists immediately alerted the embassy of Djibouti about the cargo. Eventually, the waste was diverted to Puerto Cabello, Venezuela where local authorities turned the vessel away, and thewaste was returned to Italy two years later, via Syria [having been loaded on board another ship, the Zanoobia]. Interviewed by the media about the case, Gianfranco Ambrosini, representing the company ‘Intercontract SA’ admitted that no waste facilities existed in the small African country. How could millions of tonnes of hazardous waste be dumped in such a tiny deserted country? The answer could be that Djibouti was never meant to be the end the end of the export route. Indeed, the former French colony is an important logistics hub for goods delivery to Somalia and Ethiopia. The waste could have followed the same delivery paths.”
The picture below shows the Zanoobia’s toxic cargo after it was removed and stored back in Italy. It was revealed that Intercontract SA and Ambrosini were involved in numerous other toxic waste deals.
Pope Francis has been very critical of these toxic dumps, which are often mafia controlled. http://uk.reuters.com/article/2014/07/26/uk-pope-visitidUKKBN0FV0RR20140726
Fribourg co. : Intercontract SA, Promotion des relations contractuelles, courtage d’assurances et d’autres branches commerciales etc. Cap 0,1 (4.2.81) Route de la Glâne 143b
Cracow-born Holocaust survivor. Mr. Mazin was a well-known financier and president of the Spanish branch of B’nai B’rith, who was apparently a target of Abu Nidal terrorists in 1980. Mazin was stalked by a terrorist who was carrying his photograph. A Spanish lawyer who looked like Mazin, and lived in his building in Madrid was killed in what appeared to be a case of mistaken identity. See: Patrick Seale: Abu Nidal: A Gun For Hire,Random House 1992, p. 171.
Mazin was good friends with Marc Rich, the fugitive commodities trader who escaped to Zug, Switzerland, and received a controversial pardon from Bill Clinton. Rich’s ex-wife, songwriter Denise Rich, was a good friend of the Clintons.
Fribourg co. : S.P.C. Société Privé de Commerce (Formerly : Technoconstructa AG), Commerce internationalde marchandises et de biens de toute nature. Effectuer toutes opérations en relation avec son but social et en particulier le financement de société filiales et de participations. Fonder des succursales ou des sociétés filiales en Suisse et à l’étranger. Acquérir et aliéner des immeubles, Cap 0,05. (13.3.74, 13.12.83) Bd. De Pérolles 7. chez Hartmann & Dreyer
Swiss-based art promoter who has a close business relationship with the daughters of Azerbaijan president Ilham Aliyev. These business ventures represent important stakes that the young daughters of President Aliyev have secretly acquired in Azerbaijan mining and mobile phone businesses (for free!).
The mobile phone holdings are especially suspicious since they are held by a web of Panamanian shell companies (see chart, below). The ebullient Mestalan always seems to be connected to these deals, e.g. he sits on the boards of a number of these Panamanian companies with the Aliyev girls.
The controversy arises from the fact that Azerbaijan law stipulates that controlling stakes in companies can only be obtained from a competitive bidding process from investors with experience in the field. Furthermore, the Azerbaijan constitution prohibits ownership of companies by politically connected persons. This is obviously not the case with the two young socialites. Leyla and Arzu’s shady off-shore businesses have been outed by the same investigative organization that outed Imee Marcos’s secret BVI holdings (see no. 54, above). http://www.icij.org/offshore/offshore-companies-provide-link-between-corporate-mogul-and-azerbaijans-president
Fribourg co. : Socagest SA, Commerce, importation, courtage et représentation de toutes matières premières, et de matériaux et produits de tous genres ; acquisition et exploitation de brevets, participation à acquisition, exploitation et vente d’immeuble, Cap 0,1. (14.7.93, 7.9.12) Boulevard de Pérolles 22, c/o Société de Contrȏle Fiduciaire SA
Fluctuat Nec Mergitur !
Nous sommes avec vous, Monsieur le Président
VIVE LA FRANCE