The Geneva-Fribourg-Panama Connection

scan0001
Panama City in the background. AP

The following persons have been board members of companies in Fribourg and Panama (list incomplete)

1.   Abacassis, Cyril **** 45. Brulhart, Philippe 89.   Dietler, Marcel
2.   Achermann, Peter 46. Brun, Arnold ** 90.   Droz, Jean-Louis
3.   Aebischer, Georges 47. Brun, Bernard ** 91.   Ducrest, Emmanuel
4.   Aepli, Hans ** 48. Buman, Nicolas de 92.   Dunand, Baudouin ***
5.   Aeshimann, Jean-Paul 49. Brunischolz, Olivier * 93.   Dunant, Olivier ***
6.   Alther, Peter ** 50. Brunner, Dominik 94.   Dunant, Roger
7.   Ammann, Roger 51. Brunner, Edgar H. 95.   Dupont-Willemin, A.L.**
8.   Argand, Luc ** 52. Brunner, Kurt ** 96.   Durussel, Christian ****
9.   Augsburger, Serge ** 53. Brunner, Michael 97.   Eardley, John  F.
10. Aymonier, Jean-Edouard 54. Brunner, Vincent 98.   Eggertswyler,Marie-Noël
11. Azouli, Armand * 55. Buchs, Jacques 99.   Eskenazi, Gerard
12. Badel, Ernest 56. Buchi, Jacques 100. Etienne, Donald
13. Bailly, Claude 57. Bugnon, Roland 101. Faria e Castro, Dimitri de
14. Baly, Marc 58. Buschi, Bernard *** 102. Farina, Roland **
15. Balzan, Gaston 59. Cauderay, Jean 103. Ferdman, Sylvain ***
16. Balzer, Robert 60. Chanez, Marie-Francoise 104. Fiaux, Daniel
17. Barth, Michael-André 61. Chatelain, Gerald 105. Fidanza, André
18. Barras, Dominique *** 62. Chatton, Marcel 106. Fischer, Victor
19. Baudat, Eric * 63. Chevaillaz, Christian 107. Fivaz, Jean-Jacques
20. Baudet, Gaston ** 64. Chollet, Jacques de 108. Fleury, Olivier ***
21. Baudin, Daniel *** 65. Christen, Fritz 109. Fonjallaz, Paul-Eric *
22. Bavier, Jacques de * 66. Clinton, Richard 110. Fontaine, Jean *
23. Beguin, Pierre-André ** 67. Conne, Maurice 111. François, Jean-Pierre
24. Belleli, Lucien 68. Cornu, Edouard 112. Frank, Robert
25. Belleli, Serge *** 69. Corpataux, Beat 113. Freiburghaus, Beat  E.
26. Berney, Charles ** 70. Cottier, Jacques 114. Friz, Werner
27. Beutler, Jean-Claude 71. Courvoisier, Philippe ** 115. Furey, Sonia
28. Beutler, Max 72. Cramer, Jean-Antoine 116. Furey, Terrence
29. Beyeler, Ernst 73. Cramer, Roland * 117. Gaillard, Bertrand
30. Bioul, Felix 74. Criscione, Sebastien 118. Ganichot, Serge ***
31. Briner, Robert 75. Croisier, Jean-Paul ** 119. Gerber, Hans *
32. Boccard, Bruno de *** 76. Cugny, Jacques *** 120. Gex, Jean-Paul ***
33. Boccard, Hubert de * 77. Currat, Philippe 121. Giger, Christian
34. Boccard,Philippe de **** 78. Defago, Jean-Pierre * 122. Gilboa, Yair
35. Boccard, Pierre de 79. Degiacomi, Walter **** 123. Gillioz, Marcel *
36. Boccard, Thierry de ** 80. Delacretaz, Gaston * 124. Girardet, Corinne Gerber
37. Borgognon, Claude * 81. Demole, Claude * 125. Girardet, Jean-Pierre
38. Bouquet, Kurt ** 82. Demole, Guy * 126. Giriens, Maurice *
39. Bovay, Georges 83. Despland, Gabriel ** 127. Glaser, Harry **
40. Brechbuhl, Claude ** 84. Dietschi, Eugene 128. Gogniat, Jean-Philippe**
41. Brechbuhl, Henri-Paul 85. Disch, Pierre 129. Gonseth, Charles
42. Bregy, Oswald **** 86. Diserens, Jean-Christophe 130. Graf, Ernest
43. Bruetsch, Peter **** 87. Diserens, Jean-Pierre * 131. Grangier, Claude
44. Brugger, Hans 88. Dormond, Charles 132. Gremaud, Daniel

 

133. Grob, Lucien * 177. Luthi, Michel 221. Perrin, Olivier *
134. Guibert, Blanche 178. Magnenat, Dominique 222. Perrottet, Alain
135. Guillaume, Yvonne 179. Magnenat, Henri 223. Peyer, Bernard
136. Haddad, André 180. Mathier, Charles 224. Pfyffer, André **
137. Haessig, Michel 181. Maya, Samuel 225. Pictet, Ivan
138. Hafner, Luc *** 182. Mazin, Max 226. Piller, Joseph
139. Hasler, Frederic 183. Mendes, Pedro * 227. Pinoesch, Jon  A.
140. Haytree, Eleanor ** 184. Menoud, Benoït 228. Progin, Jean-Paul
141. Heck, Alain 185. Merkt, Jacques **** 229. Raper, John James
142. Heer, Jurg * 186. Merkt, René **** 230. Rappaport, Bruce *
143. Heerema, Pieter Hugo 187. Mertenet, Cyrille *** 231. Rappaz, Gustave *
144. Hefti, Suzanne ** 188. Mestelan, Olivier 232. Rebeaud, Sully *
145. Henriod, Claude *** 189. Metz, Werner 233. Regamy, Jean-Claude
146. Hess, Maurice G. 190. Meuwly, Jacques 234. Reyff, Emmanuel
147. Hochstaetter, Jacques 191. Meyer, Ferdinand 235. Rham, Guillaume de **
148. Honold, Christoph 192. Meyer, Karl N. ** 236. Richoz, Jacques
149. Hottinger, François ** 193. Mezger, René 237. Rimer, Gerald
150. Hottinger, Luc 194. Mitchell, David 238. Rochat, Dominique
151. Huber, Charles 195. Mocellin, Jean-Claude *** 239. Rochat, Henry
152. Huguet, Jean 196. Mock, Georges *** 240. Rossier, Pierre N. *
153. Hunziker, Roger 197. Modoux, Jean-Francois 241. Rouiller, Lucien
154. Hussy, Hans 198. Monnerat, Jean-Pierre 242. Ruchonnet, Daniel ***
155. Jacques, Henri-Albert ** 199. Monfrini, Enrico **** 243. Ryser, Walter
156. Jorand, Jean-Marc * 200. Montenach, Georges de 244. Sack, Eric
157. Josi, Fritz * 201. Mooser, Georges 245. Salathé, Edward T. ****
158. Junod, Charles-André *** 202. Morisod, Bernard 246. Santschi, Rolf ****
159. Junod, Nicolas * 203. Morris, David 247. Sarasin, Béat
160. Karlweis, George 204. Moser, Jean-Luc 248. Sarasin, Guy
161. Keppeler, Bruno * 205. Moser, Max P. * 249. Schmid, Marcel
162. Kieber, Georg ** 206. Mossaz, Jacques * 250. Schluep, Martin
163. Kirschmann, François ** 207. Moulin, Edmond 251. Sciclounoff, Pierre ****
164. Kostenbaum, Alain **** 208. Muhlstein, Michel * 252. Schlaeppi, Gerald
165. Kuffer, Bernard 209. Mulier, Peter * 253. Schnarrenberger, Yvo *
166. Lachenal, Bernard ** 210. Muller, Werner 254. Schoch, Joerg
167. Lacoste, Michel * 211. Nicolazzi, René * 255. Schuermann, Remo
168. Larpin, Christian * 212. Nicolet, Raymond ** 256. Schwab, Frederique
169. Latsis, John S. 213. Niestle, Robert * 257. Secretan, Hubert
170. Latsis, Spiro J. 214. Oberson, Raoul ** 258. Senarclens, Jean de *
171. Layani, Philippe 215. Ody, Gérard * 259. Sfera, Antonio ***
172. Layat, Alain 216. Oltramare, Gabriel 260. Shakarchi, Marwan
173. Legrand, Jean-Paul * 217. Palmer, Laurence 261. Sibinga, Peter G. *
174. Linder, Pierre 218. Patry, Jean ** 262. Sieber, Albert
175. Lombard, Louis * 219. Pennone, Robert 263. Steel, David *
176. Loup, Bernard 220. Perret, Charles 264. Steiner, Roland **

 

265. Steiger, Albert de * 275. Troyanov, Tikhon 285. Weghsteen, Pierre
266. Sunier, Jean *** 276. Turrettini, Robert * 286. Werner, Bill
267. Thalman, Claude 277. Vez, Michel 287. Widmer, Arnold **
268. Thevenoz, Yves * 278. Vuille, Georges-Alain 288. Wiederkehr, Alfred ****
269. Thiebaud, Pierre-Alain 279. Wagner, Georges 289. Wiedmer, Madeleine
270. Thivolet, Eric 280. Wagneur, Daniel 290. Wieser, Jacques-André *
271. Thuner, Eric 281. Wanner, André * 291. Woodtli, Jean-Franklin **
272. Tillmann, Georges ** 282. Warluzel, Dominique * 292. Zolty, Andre Abraham
273. Toulorge, Jacques * 283. Weck, Dominique de 293. Zucher, Willard *
274. Trachsel, Jacques ** 284. Weck, Philippe de 294. Zurcher, Willy *

The Geneva-Fribourg-Panama Connection

By Matthew Temme

The above list represents a selection of names of lawyers, accountants, fiduciary agents, bankers, and businessmen who have been board members of companies in Fribourg and in Panama. Most have served primarily as “nominee” directors of Panamanian companies. They all figure on at least one Panamanian board. The asterisks indicate roughly how many companies they have been associated with. If there is no asterisk next to their names that means they have served on less than 10 Panamanian company boards.  One asterisk means they have served on more than 10  company boards; two asterisks mean they have served on more than 25; three asterisks mean they have served on more than 50; and four asterisks mean they have served on more than 100. Two cousins have served on more than 1000! (nos.185 & 186)  http://www.tdg.ch/geneve/actu-genevoise/hacke-registre-commerce-panameen-livre-avocats-genevois/story/15328349?track

A large proportion of these individuals maintained offices in Geneva. These 294 individuals established many thousands of Panamanian companies. Since it is obvious that most were primarily functioning as nominees, we can assume that the beneficial owners of the companies wished their identities to remain secret. At any rate, until recently Panama was one of the most opaque tax havens in the world. However, since Scottish coder Daniel O’Huiginn “scraped” the Panamanian company data base in 2008, it has been possible to follow the tracks of many criminals and tax cheats. http://qz.com/65290/germanys-offshore-money-and-the-hacker-who-helped-expose-it/

It has become increasingly obvious that different tax jurisdictions act in symbiosis in order to better hide who is controlling businesses. During the Iran-contra investigation in 1987, the important connections between Geneva banks, Fribourg-based nominees, and Panamanian shell companies were clearly exposed. The system that the Iran-contra conspirators used to hide their illicit funds offshore is routine practice for wealthy individuals who are intent on hiding their assets. This practice has been going on for a long time. By establishing these layers of secrecy, money launderers, kleptocrats, arms & drug traffickers, and tax cheats can escape the vigilance of government law-enforcement agencies. It was outrageous that CIA Director Bill Casey encouraged Col. Oliver North to use this underworld system to circumvent the U.S. Constitution by violating the Boland Amendment which restricted U.S. funding for the Nicaraguan “contras.”  http://www.nytimes.com/1986/12/15/world/white-house-crisis-dollars-traveled-companies-switzerland-appear-have-been.html

As taxpayers, we should be furious that this coordinated practice of hiding money under layers of secrecy in different tax havens is still being used. Gabriel Zucman has recently pointed out in his book The Hidden Wealth of Nations that trillions of dollars are being hidden from tax authorities in this fashion, siphoning off from national treasuries important revenue which is desperately needed for crumbling  infrastructure and outmoded educational systems. As a result of these “lawyerly” tricks, income inequality has gone through the roof. The apologists for these activities use euphemisms such as “tax competition” and “fiscal optimization” to describe their hiding of money in places like Panama.

The Swiss lawyers listed above would probably claim that everything that they do for their wealthy clients is perfectly legal under Swiss law, but Nicholas Shaxon, the author of the groundbreaking exposé on tax havens Treasure Islands has said that administering to hundreds of offshore companies is not normal. Every time these lawyers get caught in a web of illegality in which the offshore entities that they have created have proved to be an integral part, they claim innocence, going so far as to deny even having met the beneficial owners of the tarnished companies. In my next posting on the Iran-contra affair, we will see how the total disengagement of the nominee directors from Ollie North’s Panamanian master company “Lake Resources” was the traditional way nominees always shirk any responsibility when the companies that they are supposed to be supervising are caught doing  illegal things. This farce has to stop! http://tunisie-telegraph.com/2014/11/03/lamour-avocats-genevois-panama-offshore-evasionfiscale-geneve-suisse-7616

In my next posting, I will discuss how the Geneva-Fribourg-Panama connection was used to fund Col. Oliver North’s Iran-contra operation.

 

Speak up! Let us know what you think.